Enlarged prostate or benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is something that as many as 75% of all men may have to deal with, if they live long enough. Here you will learn about the symptoms of BPH and why those symptoms occur.
The prostate is a gland located beneath the bladder. It surrounds the upper portion of the urethra. The prostate’s location explains why it causes symptoms related to the bladder and the urinary tract when it becomes enlarged.
Doctors and scientists believe that the enlargement may begin at around the age of 30. But signs and symptoms do not usually appear for 20 years or more. In some cases, BPH never causes symptoms. When symptoms do occur, they are related to the storage of urine and to urination.
The symptoms related to the bladder (storage of urine) include:
• Urinary frequency-needing to urinate more often than usual
• Urinary urgency-feeling the need to urinate immediately
• Urinary incontinence-being unable to make it to the bathroom; leaking urine
• Urgency incontinence-leaking urine but only when the sense of urgency is felt
• Nocturia-the need to urinate at night
The enlarged prostate gland reduces the amount of space in the bladder. Less urine can be stored. Failure to recognize the need to empty the bladder more frequently may result in urinary incontinence or urine leakage. As the prostate presses up against the bladder, urine is squeezed out. The need to urinate at night is also related to the decreased storage capacity of the bladder.
Symptoms related to urination may include any of the following:
• Hesitancy-having to wait for the stream of urine to begin
• Inconsistent stream-the stream starts, weakens, dribbles, stops and starts again, etc.
• Straining required to start or continue the stream
The symptoms related to urination are due to the narrowing of the urethra that occurs as the prostate gland enlarges. The symptoms may come and go as the size of the prostate can increase or decrease.
As time goes by, there may be additional symptoms including:
• Frequent urinary tract infections
• Frequent bladder infections
• Painful urination
• Bladder stones
• Enlarged bladder
• Inability to urinate
Those symptoms are related to another problem that often goes unrecognized by the patient. They fail to empty their bladder completely. In fact, it could become impossible to fully empty the bladder.
Urine standing in the bladder increases the amount of bacteria in the bladder. The bacteria can cause infection in the bladder or the urinary tract. Bladder stones form as a result of salts in the urine crystallizing.
An inability to urinate can occur if the prostate gland enlarges to the point that the upper urinary tract is completely closed. Temporary inability to urinate or painful urination can occur as a result of bladder stones. An enlarged or distended bladder can lead to kidney failure in the worst case scenario.
Most men would like to avoid the symptoms of enlarged prostate. In my next article, you will learn about natural remedies that can help reduce the swelling and relieve or prevent the symptoms of BPH.
Source by Larry L. Taylor