Gum disease, also called periodontal disease, is any infection of the gums or bones of the mouth. It is most commonly caused by the build up of plaque. Plaque is a thick, sticky substance that forms naturally on the teeth and gums.
Plaque in and of itself is not a hazard to you mouth. The problems arise when plaque is allowed to remain on the teeth and gums. When this happens the bacteria that are in the plaque release a toxin that is damaging to the gums. Regular brushing and flossing should remove the bacteria and the toxin before they have the chance to do any damage.
There are two common types of gum disease. Gingivitis is a mild to moderate condition. It causes the gums to become red and swollen and to bleed easily. Any damage done to the gums by gingivitis is usually reversible. Periodontitis is more severe. In this case the gums will recede back from the teeth and the infection may spread to the jaw bone and the roots that hold the teeth in place. This condition can result in tooth loss and other permanent damage.
Usually the prevention and treatment of mild gingival disease is as simple as maintaining a good oral hygiene routine. It starts with regular brushing and flossing, at least twice a day. It is also important to see your dentist regularly for check ups and cleanings.
If the disease has advanced to periodontitis then other treatment may be necessary. In this case your dentist may do a deep cleaning designed to remove plaque from below the gum line. He will also probably prescribe oral antibiotics to treat the bacterial infection. In severe cases surgery may be necessary to repair any damage done and prevent any further damage. Don’t let this happen to you if you can avoid it.
Next, learn how to defeat gum disease and improve the quality of your life!
Source by Scott Wells